ISLAMABAD: With an addition of 300,000 gas consumers every year, the country’s gas shortage is estimated to touch four billion cubic feet per day (bcfd) — almost equal to current total supplies — in two years and will go beyond 6.6bcfd by 2030.
The projection has been made by the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (Ogra) in its “State of the Industry Report 2016-17”. The report also noted a 16 per cent surge in petroleum consumption owing to an increase in the number of cars and motorbikes and lower oil prices as the overall oil consumption rose by 10pc.
“The shortfall in gas is expected to reach 3.999bcfd by the fiscal year 2019-20 and the gap will reach 6.611bcfd without imported gas by 2029-30,” Ogra said. It noted a significant rise in demand and consumption of gas by residential and domestic consumers owing to price differential vis-à-vis other competing fuels — liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), firewood and coal.
Over the past five years, more than 300,000 consumers had been added to the gas network annually by gas companies and the growth in power, commercial and residential and fertiliser sectors resulted in a shortage, the report said, adding that “the demand for natural gas will further increase in the coming years…It is forecast that due to ever-increasing demand for gas, Pakistan will face a deficit in gas supply”.
300,000 consumers are added to the system every year
The power sector (including captive power) remained the main gas consumer, accounting for around 43pc share, followed by residential and fertiliser sectors with 21pc each.
The province-wise figures showed that Punjab and Sindh remained the major gas consumers with about 47pc and 43pc shares respectively. On the production front, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa contributed 56pc, 13pc and 12pc shares respectively. The share of re-gasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) was 16pc.
As of June 30 last year, the cumulative transmission network of the two gas utilities — SSGCL and SNGPL — stood at 3,973km and 8,975km and distribution network at 45,521km and 110,217km, respectively. The two utilities provided new gas connection to 486,418 consumers and their cumulative consumer base stood at 8.576 million.
The import of LNG was declared by Ogra as a major success, among various measures being taken to bridge the gap between demand and supply. “Development of two LNG handling terminals (each having re-gasification capacity of 650mmcfd) at Karachi Port is a major milestone achieved to mitigate gas shortages in the country. During the year, total supply of natural gas in the country, including imported RLNG, reached 4.131bcfd.
Ogra said the total LPG supply touched 1.209 million tonnes. The domestic, commercial and industrial sectors consumed 37pc, 36pc and 27pc respectivley.
Gas-producing fields and imports together contributed 42pc each and refineries 16pc. The LPG supply increased to 3,029 tonnes per day in 2016-17 from 2,801 tonnes in 2015-16, while consumption rose to 3,313 tonnes from 3,055 tonnes.
According to Ogra, consumption of petroleum products registered a growth of 9.7pc (26 million tonnes) during the fiscal year 2016-17, compared to 5.2pc (23.7 million tonnes) in 2015-16. The main drivers of increased consumption were transport and power sectors with 12pc and 10pc respectively.
Consumption of petrol in the transport sector saw an increase of 16pc due to the growing number of motorcycles and cars. Similarly, consumption of high speed diesel (HSD) grew by 10pc, mainly because of higher utilisation by the transport sector, indicating increased economic activities in the country.
The transport and power sectors consumed almost 90pc of total petroleum oil lubricant, sharing 57pc and 33pc respectively.
The Pakistan State Oil remained the lead player in total energy products supply to consumers with 55pc market share, followed by Shell (9pc), Attock Petroleum Limited (8pc), Hascol Private Limited (8pc), Total Parco Marketing Limited (4pc) and Total Parco Pakistan Limited (4pc). Byco Petroleum Pakistan Limited and other oil marketing companies contributed 3pc and 8pc shares, respectively.
Local demands for HSD, petrol, furnace oil and jet fuels are mostly met through imports — 73pc petrol, 69pc furnace oil, 46pc HSD and 14pc jet fuel — as domestic production is not enough to meet the requirements.
Published in Dawn, February 12th, 2018
Reham Khan, a former TV anchor and ex-wife of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan, has clarified that she has left Pakistan temporarily due to various reasons and will return to the country after a book she has been working on is published.
Reham told DawnNews that she is currently in the UK "temporarily", "for the security of my kids" and wants to settle her children there and publish her book.
"I have not left the country. When the book is published, I will return to Pakistan."
The former TV presenter said the editing and writing of her book have been completed and she is only waiting for it to be published.
Talking about the book, Reham said it is mainly about her life as a journalist and mother, but mentioned that the PTI chief features in it because he was once a part of her life, "albeit an unpleasant one".
Media reports had earlier claimed that Reham had left the country "amid threats by unknown individuals".
The news of her departure came in the wake of a recent interview she gave to India TV, in which she commented on her former husband's alleged third marriage.
"There is no specific threat," Reham clarified today. She, however, claimed that a cricketer from the national team had been "constantly trying to contact me".
She claimed that when she finally spoke to the player, he told her to "stop saying what you are saying about Imran."
Reham further alleged that after their divorce, Khan had sent her a message stating, "You should leave for the UK and give the impression that your kids could not be settled here [Pakistan]."
Terming it a "masked threat", she said she "know[s] the ability of these people [PTI members]".
Reham said people had been linking her to the PML-N after her recent statements, but a senior leader from the ruling party had called her this week and suggested that she stop talking about Khan.
She said other senior PML-N leaders had also asked her to keep mum about Khan.
"They had also asked me to stay quiet on the Ayesha Gulalai [harrassment] issue," she told DawnNews.
Responding to her allegation, PTI spokesperson Fawad Chaudhry said her claims were "rubbish".
"The threat [allegedly issued by Khan] was so effective that she lived in Pakistan for two years [after the divorce] and only in elections year she remembered the threat and that too just before [the] launch of her 'sponsored' book," he told DawnNews.
"PTI is not MQM [Muttahida Qaumi Movement] and we have no militant groups or the Punjab police at our disposal."
GeoNews, late Sunday night, said that Reham, while speaking to anchorperson Muneeb Farooq, had "confirmed she had left Pakistan on Sunday night and was receiving threats through phone calls made to her staff".
The publication added that Reham had also reportedly shared a voice recording of the coordinator of Reham Khan Foundation telling her that he had received threats for working for the foundation.
On Twitter, Reham did not mention leaving the country; she, however, did share journalist Murtaza Solangi's tweet in which he expressed shock over her "leaving the country".
The federal cabinet on Wednesday granted a 30-day extension in the legal stay of Afghan refugees in Pakistan. This is the sixth extension given to the refugees by the government.
Nearly 1.4 million registered Afghans had lost their refugee status in Pakistan on Sunday after their Proof of Registration (PoR) cards expired on December 31.
The Ministry of States and Frontier Regions (Safron) had suggested to the Prime Minister’s Secretariat that the refugees' stay should be extended until December 2018.
However, a meeting of the cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi in Islamabad "agreed to grant only 30 days extension for PoR" card holders, read a press release issued after the meeting.
After a detailed discussion on the proposal to extend the stay of Afghan refugees, the cabinet decided that the issue of early repatriation of the refugees will be raised with UNHCR and the international community.
"Pakistan’s economy has carried the burden of hosting Afghan refugees since long and in the present circumstances cannot sustain it further," said the statement after the meeting.
Afghan refugees have already availed extension in their stay five times. The government had introduced PoR card system for the registered refugees to legalise their stay and protect them from harassment at the hands of law enforcement agencies. The card system was introduced with the assistance of UNHCR in 2009.
The government has commitments with UNHCR and Afghan government that there would be no forced return of refugees despite the expiry of PoR cards and would facilitate their return through the UN-sponsored voluntary repatriation programme.
At the outset of the meeting, Foreign Minister Khawaja Asif briefed the cabinet regarding the allegations levelled by US President Donald Trump against Pakistan in a tweet, and the discussion held during a meeting of the National Security Committee on Tuesday.
The cabinet unanimously endorsed NSC's stance at the end of the meeting. It observed that Trump's statements are "detrimental to the bilateral relationship between Pakistan and USA".
"Pakistan has rendered huge sacrifices, both in terms of loss of precious human lives and substantial damage to the economy."
Pakistan's Ambassador to the United Nations (UN) Maleeha Lodhi condemned the United States (US) administration's aggressive remarks against Pakistan and said that Islamabad could "review its cooperation if it is not appreciated".
Referring to US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley's comments a day earlier where she had accused Pakistan of playing a "double game" with the US, Lodhi cautioned against "shifting the blame for [the US'] own mistakes and failures onto others".
Speaking to the media on Wednesday, Lodhi said that Pakistan has "contributed and sacrificed the most in fighting international terrorism".
The diplomat added that Pakistan's role in the war against terrorism did not depend on US aid but on "national interests and principles".
A war of words was triggered after Trump, in his first tweets on New Year's day, lashed out against Pakistan, calling the country a "liar".
Elaborating on Trump's tweets, Haley on Tuesday said that the US had withheld $255 million of military aid to Pakistan for the latter's alleged "harbouring of terrorists".
On the same day, US Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said at a press briefing that a detailed policy will be announced within the next 24-48 hours.
The US president's tweets evoked a strong response from the Pakistani civil and military leadership. The Foreign Office (FO) sought an explanation from American ambassador David Hale while the country's leadership expressed "deep disappointment" at the accusations levelled by the US president in a National Security Council meeting on Tuesday.
"... even more importantly the huge sacrifices made by Pakistan, including the loss of tens of thousands of lives ... could not be trivialised so heartlessly by pushing all of it behind a monetary value – and that too an imagined one," a press release issued after the meeting in Islamabad said, in a reference to Trump's claim that the US has "foolishly" given Pakistan over $33 billion in aid over the last 15 years.
Foreign Minister Khawaja Asif claimed that Pakistan had already "said 'no more' to America, so Trump's 'no more' has no importance".
قائدِاعظم محمد علی جناحؒ۔ ایک ایسی ہمہ جہت شخصیت ہیں، جنہوں نے بہت محدود وقت میں نہ صرف دنیا کے نقشے پر ایک نیا ملک ابھارا بلکہ ایک نئی قوم تشکیل دی۔ ظلم کی چکی میں پستے مسلمانوں کے لیے ایک جغرافیائی خطے کا حصول ممکن بنایا، جہاں وہ آزادی سے سر اٹھا کر جی سکیں۔
آج کی تاریخ کے تناظر میں اگر دیکھیں تو ہم بانئ پاکستان کا یومِ پیدائش منا رہے ہیں۔ خبروں میں سرخی لگی ہوگی کہ ’’بانئ پاکستان کا یومِ پیدائش قومی جوش و جذبے سے منایا گیا‘‘۔
جوش کے تو بہرحال کیا کہنے کہ من حیث القوم ہم بلاشبہ ایک جوشیلی و جذباتی قوم واقع ہوئے ہیں۔ میں ہر سال آج کے دن ایک ہی بات سوچتی ہوں کہ یومِ قائد کے نام پر لوگوں کو اکٹھا کر کے ایک تقریب منعقد کر لینا، وہاں قائد کے قصیدے سے آغاز اور اختتام کر کے زبانی جمع خرچ کے بعد اپنے اپنے دھندوں میں مشغول ہو جانا، کیا یہی یومِ قائد کی اصل روح ہے؟
وہی لگے بندھے جملے، وہی پرانی باتوں کی تکرار، گویا گزشتہ 69 برسوں کا بس یہی اثاثہ ہے! گو کہ روایتی تجدید میں کچھ ایسا مضائقہ بھی نہیں اور یقیناً زندہ قومیں اپنا ماضی کبھی فراموش نہیں کرتیں مگر زندہ قومیں اپنے ماضی سے سبق سیکھ کر آگے بڑھا کرتی ہیں۔
شاید یومِ قائد کا بس یہی کردار باقی رہ گیا ہے ہماری زندگی میں کہ ہم سال میں اس دن انہیں یاد کریں، ان کے فرمودات سوشل میڈیا پر شیئر کریں اور باقی 364 دن ایمان، اتحاد اور تنظیم کو طاق پر رکھ کر اپنا چلن رواں رکھیں۔
پر میرِ کارواں محمد علی جناح!
چلیں ناراض نہ ہوں آئیے ہم آج کے پاکستان اور قائدِ اعظم کے نظریے میں ربط تلاش کرتے ہیں۔ میرے جیسے دماغی خلل کے مارے ہوئے لوگ جو قائد کی 11 اگست کی تقریر کو سینے سے لگائے قومی پرچم میں موجود سفید رنگ کی اہمیت کو اجاگر کرنے میں وقت ضائع کرتے ہیں۔
جبکہ وطنِ عزیز میں مذہبی انتہا پسندی اپنے عروج پر ہے اور اس سے زیادہ خطرناک یہ طرزِ فکر کہ جو آپ کے عقیدے، مسلک یا مکتبہ فکر سے اختلاف رکھے اسے زندہ رہنے کا کوئی حق نہیں۔
پر میرِکارواں ہے محمد علی جناح!
وطنِ عزیز میں دوسرا بڑا عفریت کرپشن سمجھا جاتا ہے تاہم یہ سوال ہنوز اہمیت کا حامل ہے کہ ہمیں زیادہ نقصان مالی کرپشن (monetary corruption) نے پہنچایا یا ذہنی کرپشن (intellectual corruption) نے؟
وطنِ عزیز میں جہاں کابینہ کے اجلاس میں قائدِ اعظم چائے یا کافی پیش کرنے پر معترض تھے اب وہاں اربوں روپے کی کرپشن بھی نہ دامن پر کوئی چھینٹ لاتی ہے نہ خنجر پر کوئی داغ۔ شاعر سے معذرت کے ساتھ ’’تم کرپشن کرو ہو کہ کرامات کرو ہو‘‘۔
پر میرِ کارواں ہے محمد علی جناح!
لگے ہاتھوں کچھ ذکرِ خیر ہو جائے ’’اُم المسائل‘‘ یعنی تعلیمی پسماندگی کا۔ قائد نے فرمایا ’’آپ تعلیم پر پورا دھیان دیں۔ اپنے آپ کو عمل کے لیے تیار کریں۔ یہ آپ کا پہلا فریضہ ہے۔ ہماری قوم کے لیے تعلیم زندگی اور موت کا مسئلہ ہے۔‘‘
ایک دوسرے مقام پر قائد نے فرمایا، ’’علم تلوار سے بھی زیادہ طاقتور ہے، اپنے آپ کو ناقابلِ شکست بنانا ہے تو اپنے ملک میں تعلیم کو عام کریں‘‘۔ ہم آج بھی اس فرمان کے برسوں گزر جانے بعد بھی تعلیم کا حق مانگنے پر بچی کو گولی مار دیتے ہیں اور جب وہ صحتیاب ہو کر اپنے عزم کا اعادہ کرتے ہوئے کہتی ہے کہ ’’ایک قلم، ایک کتاب اور ایک استاد اس دنیا کی تقدیر بدل سکتے ہیں۔‘‘ تو وہ بچی ایجنٹ قرار پاتی ہے۔
پر میرِ کارواں ہے محمد علی جناح!
ان تمام حقائق کے باوجود امید افزاء بات یہ ہے کہ میرے اور میرے بے شمار ہم وطنوں کے اندر امید کی کرن ماند نہیں پڑی۔ مجھے نگارِ صبح وطن بہت دور نہیں دکھتی۔
دہشتگردی کا ٹوٹتا ہوا زور مجھے ایک روشن پاکستان کا رخ دکھاتا ہے۔ تیزی سے تکمیل کی جانب گامزن سی پیک مجھے ابھرتا ہوا ترقی یافتہ پاکستان دکھاتا ہے۔
مجھے وہ دن بہت دور نہیں دکھتا جب میرے پیارے وطن میں کھیلوں کے بین الاقوامی میعار کے اسٹیڈیم پھر سے آباد ہوں گے اور میرے بچے وہاں بلاخوف و خطر دنیا بھر کی ٹیموں کے ساتھ کھیلیں گے.
مجھے اپنی نئی نسل سے بہت امیدیں وابستہ ہیں، یہ معصوم روشن چہرے، یہ جگمگاتی پُرنور آنکھیں مجھے ہر دن اپنی ذمہ داری کا احساس دلاتے ہیں۔ مجھے بتاتے ہیں کہ ان ننھے ہاتھوں میں مشعلِ امیدِ نو کو اپنے حصے کی شمع جلا کر ہی دینی ہے۔ یہی چراغ جلیں گے تو روشنی ہو گی۔
کیونکہ میں جانتی ہوں کہ میرِکارواں ہے محمد علی جناح!
موج بڑھے یا آندھی آئے، دیا جلائے رکھنا ہے
گھر کی خاطر سو دکھ جھیلے، گھر تو آخر اپنا ہے
Senate Chairman Raza Rabbani, in response to a warning from United States (US) Vice President (VP) Mike Pence to Islamabad earlier this week, made it clear that Pakistan is not in the habit of "taking notices" from anyone.
Pence, while addressing US troops at the Bagram military base in Kabul, had said that Pakistan has allegedly provided safe haven to terrorists for too long but those days are over now, as US President Donald Trump has now "put Pakistan on notice".
"Two days ago, Pence had the gall, the audacity to say that Trump has put Pakistan on notice," Rabbani said in Islamabad on Sunday. "Let the word ring out in clear terms that Pakistan is a sovereign state and is not in the habit of taking notices from anyone, let alone the US."
The Senate chairman was addressing the first six-nation Speakers' Conference, which was inaugurated by President Mamnoon Hussain earlier today.
The conference ─ themed "The challenges of terrorism and inter-regional connectivity" ─ is being held in Islamabad, with representatives from Russia, China, Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey in attendance.
Addressing the conference, Rabbani further said that Trump, in his recently announced South Asia policy, had blamed Pakistan for the failures of the US in Afghanistan.
"We saw the US ignoring the sacrifices made by Pakistan," Rabbani observed.
He went on to state that the US has pursued a policy of "regime change and bringing about destabilisation in Muslim countries" particularly in the Middle East.
Describing Trump's decision to shift the US embassy in Tel Aviv to Jerusalem the "blunder of all blunders", Rabbani said that Washington had failed to understand that it is neither supported practically, nor in fact, nor by history in their decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
Rabbani noted that the United Nations General Assembly had given a befitting reply to Washington when over 120 countries rejected the US move.
"What they [US] fail to recognise is that the recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital will give rise to a new intifada as the people of Palestine move to achieve their historic rights."
During his address, Rabbani also spoke about the Trump administration's recently unveiled national security strategy, noting that a new nexus seems to be emerging comprising of US, Israel and India.
"We find the US is trying to use or build up India as a policeman of the region," Rabbani said.
He added that although Pakistan "believes in dialogue and friendly relations with its neighbours [...] until and unless India is willing to speak on equal terms, we will perhaps just be looking at the mirage of peace in the region."
Earlier in the day, National Assembly Speaker Ayaz Sadiq addressed the conference and noted that Pakistan's economy has suffered gravely due to "cowardly acts of terrorism".
He said that the problem of extremism had been aggravated by the rise of the drug trade.
"Why has the global coalition against terrorism consistently failed to control and destroy poppy cultivation?" Sadiq asked, noting that the drug had become a major source of terror financing.
"Although religious fanaticism has often been cited as the main cause of global terrorism, let us not forget that the rise of the populous right and the sanctioning of oppression has also added to the mayhem," Sadiq said.
"The world has failed to address the root cause of extremism," he added.
He said that the controversy over Jerusalem's status did not only violate international laws but also undermined peace efforts, divided the people of the world and fanned religious animosity.
He said that the US move to veto a United Nations Security Council’s draft resolution rejecting the recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital was proof that the world needs a more just and equitable order.
KARACHI: Former president retired Gen Pervez Musharraf continues to make headlines with his outspoken views.
At 74, the former army chief, who lives with his mother and wife in a tastefully decorated apartment in downtown Dubai, still displays the toughness associated with a soldier. He runs his own political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML), and is facing several court cases.
In an exclusive interview with Arab News, he spoke about various issues facing Pakistan and beyond. Mr Musharraf criticised the Pakistan government for not siding with the Anti-Terror Quartet (ATQ) — comprising Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain — against Qatar. “I’m shocked at how the Pakistan government dealt with the Qatar crisis. Qatar was never with Pakistan, and we witnessed this many a time,” he said.
Saudi Arabia and the UAE “have always been Pakistan’s great friends. We must never do anything that’s against either country — both have always stood by us, and we must value their friendship”, he added.
Citing the Pakistan’s ruling party’s business interests in Qatar, he said his country’s “larger interests were ignored over personal business interests. If that’s the priority, then God save our country”.
Gen Musharraf’s words and deeds on Kashmir continue to be an area of interest for most observers and stakeholders.
“I’ve started working for the cause by taking a big initiative on the resolution of the Kashmir issue,” he said.
“I and other like-minded people have formed a group that consists of popular and prominent people from Pakistan, India and both sides of Kashmir. We’ll go to the UN, and the Indian and Pakistani governments,” he added.
“The Kashmir issue can be resolved, and I strongly believe that the present Indian government is capable of doing it because they represent the hard-liners.”
Gen Musharraf rejected the notion that Pakistan is over-romanticising the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and Chinese investment in the port city of Gwadar.
“In this multipolar world, all three leading superpowers have strategic interests in Pakistan. We must use this interest in our own favour. For example…Gwadar provides China with access to the Indian Ocean,” he said.
“In today’s world, geo-economics will determine geopolitics and geo-strategies. CPEC gives us an excellent opportunity to use our strategic location to our favour,” he added.
Published in Dawn, December 12th, 2017